Charles Marion Russell (March 19, 1864 – October 24, 1926), also known as C.
Russell, Charlie Russell, and "Kid" Russell, was an American artist of the Old American West.
Russell created more than 2,000 paintings of cowboys, Indians, and landscapes set in the Western United States and in Alberta, Canada, in addition to bronze sculptures.
Known as 'the cowboy artist', Russell was also a storyteller and author.
He became an advocate for Native Americans in the West, for instance supporting the bid by landless Chippewa to have a reservation established for them in Montana.
In 1916 Congress passed legislation to create such a reservation, now known as the Rocky Boy Reservation.
Russell Museum Complex, located in Great Falls, Montana, houses more than 2,000 Russell artworks, personal objects, and artifacts.
Other major collections are held at the Montana Historical Society in Helena, Montana, the Buffalo Bill Center of the West in Cody, Wyoming, the Amon Carter Museum of American Art in Fort Worth, Texas, and the Sid Richardson Museum, also in Fort Worth.
Russell's mural titled Lewis and Clark Meeting the Flathead Indians hangs in the state capitol building in Helena.
Russell's 1918 painting Piegans sold for $5.6 million at a 2005 auction.
In 1955, he was inducted into the Hall of Great Westerners of the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum.