Demostene Botez (July 2, 1893 – March 18, 1973) was a Romanian poet and prose writer.
Born in Tru?e?ti (then called Hulub), Boto?ani County, his parents were Anghel Botez, a Romanian Orthodox priest, and his wife Ecaterina (née Chirica), the daughter of a priest.
After attending the first two grades of school in his native village, in 1900 he was sent to learn at Boto?ani and later at Ia?i.
There he was first a student at a private high school and then at the Boarding High School, from which he graduated in 1912.
In 1915, he obtained a law degree from the University of Ia?i.
He made his published debut in 1911, in the Ia?i-based Arhiva magazine.
After seeing frontline action during World War I, he published the short poetry book Mun?ii (1918), which was prefaced by Garabet Ibraileanu and received the Romanian Academy's Adamache literary prize.
He practiced law in Ia?i and in Bucharest for several decades, which allowed him to write in relaxed fashion without material cares.While still a high school student, Botez entered the literary circle surrounding Via?a Româneasca.
In 1919, he briefly edited Însemnari literare magazine.
During the interwar period, he wrote for the left-wing press on a consistent basis.
The poems from his early books (Floarea pamântului, 1920; Povestea omului, 1922; Zilele vie?ii, 1927; Cuvinte de dincolo, 1934; Pamânt ?i om, 1942) combine idyllic, traditionalist touches with psychic states and Symbolist motifs.
They are significant representatives of the sentimental side to Romania's Symbolist movement.
His novels (Ghiocul, 1931; Înal?area la cer, 1937) were written in a traditional style partly influenced by Fyodor Dostoyevsky.After the rise of the communist regime, his themes fit the new authorities' line (Oameni în lumina, 1956; Bucuria tinere?ii, 1957; Carnet, 1961).
His 1956 poetry book Curcubeu peste Dunare reflected on Romanian-Bulgarian friendship, and the 1958 Prin ani included additional poems about Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia.
is a 1962 account of his Soviet travels.
As a senior cultural figure, he was able to publish his late-1920s impressions of Marseille in a French review, and the verses in Carnet were inspired by a trip to Paris.
His translations include Madame Bovary; during his vacations, he wrote memoir-type articles and children's literature.
Botez was a member of the Assembly of Deputies and of the Great National Assembly, and from 1963 a corresponding member of the Romanian Academy.
He served as editor-in-chief and later director of Via?a Româneasca's new series.
From 1964 to 1965, he was interim president of the Romanian Writers' Union.