Edward Franklin Frazier (; September 24, 1894 – May 17, 1962), was an American sociologist and author, publishing as E.
His 1932 Ph.D.
dissertation was published as a book titled The Negro Family in the United States (1939); it analyzed the historical forces that influenced the development of the African-American family from the time of slavery to the mid-1930s.
The book was awarded the 1940 Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for the most significant work in the field of race relations.
It was among the first sociological works on blacks researched and written by a black person.
In 1948 Frazier was elected as the first black president of the American Sociological Association.
He published numerous other books and articles on African-American culture and race relations.
In 1950 Frazier helped draft the UNESCO statement The Race Question.
Frazier wrote a dozen books in his lifetime, including The Black Bourgeosie, a critique of the black middle class in which he questioned the effectiveness of African-American businesses to produce racial equality.