Radu Rosetti (Francized Rodolphe Rosetti; September 14, 1853 – February 12, 1926) was a Moldavian, later Romanian, politician, historian and novelist, father of General Radu R.
Rosetti and a prominent member of the Rosetti family.
From beginnings in traditionalist conservatism, he adopted progressive agrarian stances, and experimented with modernizing his estate in Caiu?i.
A Moldavian regionalist sitting on the left of the Conservative Party, he collaborated more or less formally with the National Liberal opposition during his tenure as prefect of Roman, Braila, and Bacau.
Also serving two terms in the Assembly of Deputies and briefly employed as general director of prisons, Rosetti adopted an anti-elitist and reformist discourse.
This pitted him against Conservative chiefs such as Nicolae Filipescu and Titu Maiorescu, but he was protected by Lascar Catargiu and, later, by Petre P.
Rosetti was financially ruined by his poor investments in the grain trade, and, from 1898, withdrew to secondary jobs in the Foreign Affairs Ministry.
Although he lacked a formal training, he was a treasured polyglot, and achieved his notoriety as a scholar and social critic.
His early studies focused on Moldavia's legal and social history, but later took up more politically charged themes.
A mild antisemite and adversary of Jewish emancipation, Rosetti then turned to criticizing his own class and its manorialism, constructing an influential paradigm in progressive historiography.
Welcomed into the ranks of left-wing Poporanism by 1906, he proposed a radical land reform and prophesied the peasants' revolt of 1907.
The early stages of World War I, with Romania maintaining neutrality, saw Rosetti campaigning for the Central Powers.
He advised against any alliance with the Russian Empire, being fearful of Pan-Slavism and supportive of the Romanian claims in Bessarabia.
He was disappointed when the country sided with Russia, and remained behind in Bucharest when it was occupied by the Central Powers; with Carp and other Conservatives, he organized a collaborationist bureaucracy, and served in it as Ephor of the Civilian Hospitals.
Such choices contrasted those of his son, who became a war hero.
Reunited with him in postwar Greater Romania, Rosetti still pursued his literary career, receiving accolades for his final works as a memoirist and raconteur.
One of his "Moldavian tales" was adapted for the screen by his son-in-law, Victor Beldiman.