Guillaume Apollinaire, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Guillaume Apollinaire

French poet

Date of Birth: 26-Aug-1880

Place of Birth: Rome, Lazio, Italy

Date of Death: 09-Nov-1918

Profession: writer, poet, playwright, correspondent, art critic, literary critic, storyteller, diarist, censor

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Virgo

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About Guillaume Apollinaire

  • Guillaume Apollinaire (French: [gijom ap?lin??]; 26 August 1880 – 9 November 1918) was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic of Polish-Belarusian descent. Apollinaire is considered one of the foremost poets of the early 20th century, as well as one of the most impassioned defenders of Cubism and a forefather of Surrealism.
  • He is credited with coining the term "cubism" in 1911 to describe the emerging art movement and the term "surrealism" in 1917 to describe the works of Erik Satie.
  • The term Orphism (1912) is also his.
  • Apollinaire wrote one of the earliest Surrealist literary works, the play The Breasts of Tiresias (1917), which became the basis for Francis Poulenc's 1947 opera Les mamelles de Tirésias. Apollinaire was active as a journalist and art critic for Le Matin, L'Intransigeant, L'Esprit nouveau, Mercure de France, and Paris Journal.
  • In 1912 Apollinaire cofounded Les Soirées de Paris, an artistic and literary magazine. Two years after being wounded in World War I, Apollinaire died in the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918; he was 38.

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