Francis Walsingham, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Francis Walsingham

English spy, diplomat and politician

Date of Birth: 01-Jan-1532

Place of Birth: Chislehurst, England, United Kingdom

Date of Death: 06-Apr-1590

Profession: lawyer, politician, diplomat, spymaster

Zodiac Sign: Capricorn

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About Francis Walsingham

  • Sir Francis Walsingham (c.
  • 1532 – 6 April 1590) was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I of England from 20 December 1573 until his death and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster". Born to a well-connected family of gentry, Walsingham attended Cambridge University and travelled in continental Europe before embarking on a career in law at the age of twenty.
  • A committed Protestant, during the reign of the Catholic Queen Mary I of England he joined other expatriates in exile in Switzerland and northern Italy until Mary's death and the accession of her Protestant half-sister, Elizabeth. Walsingham rose from relative obscurity to become one of the small coterie who directed the Elizabethan state, overseeing foreign, domestic and religious policy.
  • He served as English ambassador to France in the early 1570s and witnessed the St.
  • Bartholomew's Day massacre.
  • As principal secretary, he supported exploration, colonization, the use of England's maritime strength and the plantation of Ireland.
  • He worked to bring Scotland and England together.
  • Overall, his foreign policy demonstrated a new understanding of the role of England as a maritime Protestant power with intercontinental trading ties.
  • He oversaw operations that penetrated Spanish military preparation, gathered intelligence from across Europe, disrupted a range of plots against Elizabeth and secured the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.

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