Jean Zuléma Amussat, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Jean Zuléma Amussat

French surgeon

Date of Birth: 21-Nov-1796

Place of Birth: Saint-Maixent-l'École, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Date of Death: 13-May-1856

Profession: surgeon

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Scorpio

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About Jean Zuléma Amussat

  • Jean Zuléma Amussat (21 November 1796 – 13 May 1856) was a French surgeon. Amussat was born in Saint-Maixent, Deux-Sèvres.
  • He became a renowned physician whose primary contributions were in the field of genitourinary surgery.
  • Most of his work was through a private practice he held in Paris.
  • He is remembered for the eponymous "Amussat's method" or "torsion of the arteries", which is a procedure used to arrest arterial hemorrhaging.
  • He was also an early practitioner of lithotripsy, which was a "minimally invasive" surgery to crush stones inside the bladder via the urethra.
  • This operation necessitated use of a recently invented device known as a lithotrite. Amussat has several eponyms related to him: Amussat's fold: abnormal folds of the membranous urethra at the level of the seminal colliculus. Amussat's method: torsion of the arteries to prevent arterial hemorrhaging. Amussat's operation: extraperitoneal colostomy in the lumbar region for obstruction of the colon. Amussat's valves: Spiral valves within the cystic duct.
  • The cystic duct is the anatomical structure that joins the gall bladder to the common bile duct.

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