Muhammad Taqi Usmani (Urdu: ???? ??? ??????? Mu?ammad Taqi ‘Us_mani; born 3 October 1943) is a Pakistani Islamic scholar and former judge who is Vice President and Shaykh al-Hadith at Darul Uloom Karachi.
An intellectual leader of the Deobandi movement, he has written and lectured extensively on hadith, fiqh, tasawwuf, and Islamic finance, a subject on which he is considered an authority.
He chairs the Shariah Board of the Bahrain-based Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI), and has held advisory positions on the shariah supervisory boards of over a dozen financial institutions pursuing Islamic banking or finance.
He is also a permanent member of the Jeddah-based International Islamic Fiqh Academy — an organ of the OIC — as well as a member of the Islamic Fiqh Council of the Muslim World League.
In Pakistan, Usmani served as a scholar judge on the Shariat Appellate Bench of the Supreme Court from 1982 to 2002, and on the Federal Shariat Court from 1981 to 1982.
From 1977 to 1981 he was a member of Zia's Council of Islamic Ideology and was involved in drafting the Hudood Ordinances.