Roh Moo-hyun, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Roh Moo-hyun

9th President of the Republic of Korea

Date of Birth: 01-Sep-1946

Place of Birth: Gimhae, South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea

Date of Death: 23-May-2009

Profession: judge, lawyer, politician

Nationality: South Korea

Zodiac Sign: Virgo

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About Roh Moo-hyun

  • Roh Moo-hyun (Korean: ???; Hanja: ???; RR: No Muhyeon; Korean pronunciation: [no muรง?n]) GOM (1 September 1946 โ€“ 23 May 2009) was a South Korean politician who served as President of South Korea (2003โ€“2008).
  • Roh's pre-presidential political career was focused on human rights advocacy for student activists in South Korea.
  • His electoral career later expanded to a focus on overcoming regionalism in South Korean politics, culminating in his election to the presidency.
  • He achieved a large following among younger internet users, particularly at the website OhMyNews, which aided his success in the presidential election.Roh's election was notable for the arrival in power of a new generation of Korean politicians, the so-called 386 Generation (people in their thirties, when the term was coined, who had attended university in the 1980s and who were born in the 1960s).
  • This generation had been veterans of student protests against authoritarian rule, and advocated a conciliatory approach towards North Korea, even at the expense of good relations with the United States.
  • Roh himself was the first South Korean president to be born after the end of Japanese rule in Korea. South Korea received the highest marks on the Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index under his administration.
  • The value of the South Korean won against the US Dollar was the strongest during his administration since 1997.
  • Due to the strong currency, for the first time in history, South Korea became the world's 10th largest economy and exceeded the $20,000 milestone in nominal GDP per capita during his administration. However, due to his poor performance in economy and diplomacy, Roh was not a popular president, having the worst approval rating on average ever recorded in South Korean political history.
  • His economic policy was often criticized for persisting with certain obsolete economic views and failing certain livelihood issues.
  • There had been a considerable diplomatic dissonance between South Korea and its traditional allies during Roh's presidency as well.
  • Former Bush administration officials such as Condoleezza Rice and Robert Gates, in their published memoirs, claimed that Roh was anti-American and disclosed that there had been numerous conflicts between the U.S.
  • and South Korea because of Roh's unpredictability.
  • There has been criticism that Roh's anti-Americanism, nationalism, and pro-North Korean views contributed to a contradiction in diplomacy and impaired credibility in the international community.
  • It also led to a decline in some of his popular support, especially among the older generation.Despite high expectations in the beginning, his presidency encountered strong opposition from the conservative Grand National Party and media.
  • They constantly accused him of incompetence, and insulting criticism was frequently published in the media.
  • As a result, many of Roh's policies, including a plan to move the capital, and a plan to form a coalition with the opposition, were also attacked and made little progress. After leaving office, Roh returned to his hometown of Bongha Maeul.
  • He ran a duck farm and lived an ordinary life, sharing it through his blog.
  • He also ran a website called "Democracy 2.0" to promote healthy online discussions.
  • Fourteen months later, Roh was suspected of bribery by prosecutors, and the subsequent investigations attracted public attention.
  • Roh committed suicide on 23 May 2009 by jumping from a mountain cliff behind his home, after saying that "there are too many people suffering because of me" on a suicide note on his PC.
  • About 4 million people visited Roh's hometown Bongha Village in the week following his death.
  • His suicide was confirmed by police.

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