Louis-Ferdinand Céline ( say-LEEN, French: [selin] (listen)) was the pen name of Louis Ferdinand Auguste Destouches (pronounced [detu?]; 27 May 1894 – 1 July 1961), a French novelist, pamphleteer and physician.
He developed a new style of writing that modernized French literature.
His most famous work is the 1932 novel Journey to the End of the Night.
Céline used a working-class, spoken style of language in his writings, and attacked what he considered to be the overly polished, "bourgeois" language of the "academy".
His works influenced a broad array of literary figures, not only in France but also in the English-speaking world and elsewhere in the Western World; this includes authors associated with modernism, existentialism, black comedy and the Beat Generation.
Céline's vocal support for the fascism during the Second World War and his authorship of anti-semitic and pro-fascist pamphlets have made him a controversial figure, which has complicated his legacy as cultural icon.