Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman (French: [??b?? ?uman]; 29 June 1886 – 4 September 1963) was a Luxembourg-born German-French statesman.
Schuman was a Christian Democrat (MRP) and an independent political thinker and activist.
Twice Prime Minister of France, a reformist Minister of Finance and a Foreign Minister, he was instrumental in building post-war European and trans-Atlantic institutions and was one of the founders of the European Union, the Council of Europe and NATO.
The 1964–1965 academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour.
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