Roman Dmowski, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Roman Dmowski

Polish politician

Date of Birth: 09-Aug-1864

Place of Birth: K├│rnik, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland

Date of Death: 02-Jan-1939

Profession: writer, politician, diplomat

Zodiac Sign: Leo

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About Roman Dmowski

  • Roman Stanislaw Dmowski ['r?man sta'?iswaf 'dm?fski] (9 August 1864 ÔÇô 2 January 1939) was a Polish politician, statesman, and co-founder and chief ideologue of the National Democracy ("ND": in Polish, "Endecja") political movement.
  • He saw the Germanization of Polish territories controlled by the German Empire as the major threat to Polish culture and therefore advocated a degree of accommodation with another power that had partitioned Poland, the Russian Empire.
  • He favored the re-establishment of Polish independence by nonviolent means, and supported policies favorable to the Polish middle class.
  • During World War I, in Paris, through his Polish National Committee he was a prominent spokesman, to the Allies for Polish aspirations.
  • He was a principal figure instrumental in the postwar restoration of Poland's independent existence. Dmowski never wielded significant political power, except for a brief period in 1923 as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Nevertheless, he was one of the most influential Polish ideologues and politicians of his time.
  • A controversial personality most of his life, Dmowski believed that only a homogenous Polish-speaking and Roman Catholic-practicing nation would be preferable as opposed to PilsudskiÔÇÖs vision of Prometheism which sought a multi-ethnic Poland reminiscent of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth instead.
  • As a result, his thinking marginalized other ethnic minority groups living in Poland, particularly those in the Kresy (which included Jews, Lithuanians, and Ukrainians).
  • He remains a prototype of Polish nationalism and has been frequently referred to as "the father of Polish nationalism".
  • Throughout most of his life, he was the chief ideological opponent of the Polish military and political leader J├│zef Pilsudski and of the latter's vision of Poland as a multinational federation against German and Russian imperialism.

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