Richard Bertrand Spencer (born 1978) is an American neo-Nazi and white supremacist who drew attention for his activism on behalf of the alt right movement in 2016 and 2017.
Spencer openly embraces the term "white supremacist" and calls for imperialism and the subjugation of other races.
He opposes European ethno-nationalism, ridicules the existence of "hobbit states" such as Poland and Hungary, and calls for the reconstitution of the European Union into a "white racial empire," which he believes will resemble the Roman Empire.
The majority of European nations have banned Spencer and denounced his call for white racial empire.
Poland in particular has repeatedly sought to ban Spencer from Europe, citing Spencer's Nazi rhetoric and the Nazis' genocide of Slavic Untermenschen during World War II.Spencer is noted for his public advocacy of violence against nonwhites.
He has advocated for the enslavement of Haitians by whites, the ethnic cleansing of racial minorities from the United States, and the ethnic cleansing of Turks from Anatolia.
On the subject of neo-Nazism, Spencer has expressed admiration for the political tactics of American Nazi Party founder George Lincoln Rockwell.
He was a featured speaker at the August 2017 Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, among other neo-Nazi rallies that Spencer has headlined.Spencer has drawn significant media attention for his repeated, public use of Nazi rhetoric.
In early 2016, Spencer was filmed giving the Nazi salute in a karaoke bar.
After Donald Trump was elected President, Spencer urged his supporters to "party like it's 1933," the year Hitler came to power in Germany.
In the weeks following, Spencer quoted Nazi propaganda and denounced Jews.
At a conference Spencer held celebrating the election, Spencer cried: "Hail Trump, hail our people, hail victory!"; subsequently Mike 'Enoch' Peinovich led a number of Spencer's supporters in performing a Nazi salute and a chant similar to the Sieg Heil chant.
In early-to-mid 2017, when Spencer's following was at its height, he would reportedly pressure supporters to give him the Sieg Heil salute when he entered a room.Spencer has been involved in several legal issues.
After the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, during which an alt-right supporter drove his car into a group of counter-protesters, killing one and injuring at least 19 others, Spencer was sued for allegedly acting as a "gang boss" and inciting the killing.
Three supporters of Spencer were charged with attempted homicide following his October 2017 speech at the University of Florida.
In court, Spencer was accused of repeatedly physically abusing his ex-wife Nina Kouprianova, who has provided hours of recordings and text messages to the press in order to substantiate her allegations.
Court documents detailed emotional abuse and violent physical abuse, including when Kouprianova was 9 months pregnant, and frequently in front of their children.