Alfred Dreyfus ( DRAY-f?s, also US: DRY-, French: [alf??d d??fys]; 9 October 1859 – 12 July 1935) was a French artillery officer of Jewish faith and ancestry whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most controversial and polarizing political dramas in modern French history.
The incident has gone down in history as the Dreyfus affair, the reverberations from which were felt throughout Europe.
It ultimately ended with Dreyfus's complete exoneration.