Maryam Mirzakhani (Persian: ???? ??????????, pronounced [mæ?'jæm mi??z??x??'ni?]; 12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was an Iranian mathematician and a professor of mathematics at Stanford University.
Her research topics included Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry.
In 2005, as a result of her research, she was honored in Popular Science's fourth annual "Brilliant 10" in which she was acknowledged as one of the top 10 young minds who have pushed their fields in innovative directions.On 13 August 2014, Mirzakhani was honored with the Fields Medal, the most prestigious award in mathematics.
Thus, she became both the first, and to date, the only woman and the first Iranian to be honored with the award.
The award committee cited her work in "the dynamics and geometry of Riemann surfaces and their moduli spaces".On 14 July 2017, Mirzakhani died of breast cancer at the age of 40.