Giambattista Vico, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Giambattista Vico

Italian philosopher, rhetorician, historian and jurist

Date of Birth: 23-Jun-1668

Place of Birth: Naples, Campania, Italy

Date of Death: 23-Jan-1744

Profession: writer, historian, sociologist, philosopher, collector of fairy tales

Zodiac Sign: Cancer

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About Giambattista Vico

  • Giambattista Vico (born Giovan Battista Vico ; Italian: ['viko]; 23 June 1668 – 23 January 1744) was an Italian political philosopher and rhetorician, historian and jurist, of the Age of Enlightenment.
  • He criticized the expansion and development of modern rationalism, was an apologist for Classical Antiquity, a precursor of systematic and complex thought, in opposition to Cartesian analysis and other types of reductionism, and was the first expositor of the fundamentals of social science and of semiotics.
  • The Latin aphorism Verum esse ipsum factum ("What is true is precisely what is made") coined by Vico is an early instance of constructivist epistemology.
  • He inaugurated the modern field of the philosophy of history, and, although the term philosophy of history is not in his writings, Vico spoke of a "history of philosophy narrated philosophically." Although he was not an historicist, contemporary interest in Vico usually has been motivated by historicists, such as Isaiah Berlin, a historian of ideas, Edward Said, a literary critic, and Hayden White, a metahistorian.Vico's intellectual magnum opus is the book Scienza Nuova (1725, New Science), which attempts a systematic organization of the humanities as a single science that recorded and explained the historical cycles by which societies rise and fall.

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