Jiddu Krishnamurti (; 11 May 1895 – 17 February 1986) was an Indian philosopher, speaker and writer.
In his early life he was groomed to be the new World Teacher but later rejected this mantle and withdrew from the Theosophy organization behind it.
His interests included psychological revolution, the nature of mind, meditation, inquiry, human relationships, and bringing about radical change in society.
He stressed the need for a revolution in the psyche of every human being and emphasised that such revolution cannot be brought about by any external entity, be it religious, political, or social.
Krishnamurti was born in India.
In early adolescence he had a chance encounter with occultist and theosophist Charles Webster Leadbeater on the grounds of the Theosophical Society headquarters at Adyar in Madras.
He was subsequently raised under the tutelage of Annie Besant and Leadbeater, leaders of the Society at the time, who believed him to be a 'vehicle' for an expected World Teacher.
As a young man, he disavowed this idea and dissolved the Order of the Star in the East, an organisation that had been established to support it.
Krishnamurti said he had no allegiance to any nationality, caste, religion, or philosophy, and spent the rest of his life travelling the world, speaking to large and small groups and individuals.
He wrote many books, among them The First and Last Freedom, The Only Revolution, and Krishnamurti's Notebook.
Many of his talks and discussions have been published.
His last public talk was in Madras, India, in January 1986, a month before his death at his home in Ojai, California.
His supporters — working through non-profit foundations in India, Great Britain and the United States — oversee several independent schools based on his views on education.
They continue to transcribe and distribute his thousands of talks, group and individual discussions, and writings by use of a variety of media formats and languages.
Krishnamurti was unrelated to his contemporary U.
Krishnamurti (1918–2007), although the two men had a number of meetings.