Chang Myon, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Chang Myon

South Korean politician

Date of Birth: 28-Aug-1899

Place of Birth: Incheon, South Korea

Date of Death: 04-Jun-1966

Profession: teacher, politician, diplomat, journalist

Nationality: South Korea

Zodiac Sign: Virgo

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About Chang Myon

  • Chang Myon (hangul: ??; hanja: ??; August 28, 1899 – June 4, 1966) was a South Korean statesman, educator, diplomat, journalist and social activist as well as a Roman Catholic youth activist.
  • He was the last Vice President of South Korea and the Prime Minister of the Second Republic.
  • His styled name (ho) was Unseok (??, ??).
  • His English name was John Chang Myon (baptismal name, surname, given name). Under the Japanese rule, Chang worked as a teacher.
  • From 1919–21, he taught at Yongsan Youth Catholic Theology School and from 1931–36 at Dongsung Commerce High School.
  • From 1937–44, he was principal of Hyehwa Kindergarten of the Hyehwa-dong Catholic Church.
  • From 1936–45, he was principal of Dongsung Commerce High School. In 1948, he led the delegation of the Republic of Korea to the UN General Assembly.
  • In 1949, he became the first ambassador of the Republic of Korea to the United States.
  • In 1950, he successfully appealed to the United States and the UN to send troops to assist in the Korean War.
  • On November 23, 1950, he was appointed the second prime minister of the First Republic of Korea.
  • From 1956 to 1960, he served as the fourth vice president of the First Republic of Korea. When Syngman Rhee's government was ousted by the student-led pro-democracy uprising of April 19 Movement, he was elected the Prime Minister of the Second Republic in 1960.
  • After the country adopted a parliamentary system in response to Rhee's abuse of presidential power, Chang became the head of government.
  • Chang Myon's government ended when Park Chung-hee led a successful military coup on May 16, 1961, which marked the end of the Second Republic and the nation's brief experimentation with the cabinet form of government.

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