Abraham de Moivre (French pronunciation: ?[ab?aam d? mwav?]; 26 May 1667 – 27 November 1754) was a French mathematician known for de Moivre's formula, a formula that links complex numbers and trigonometry, and for his work on the normal distribution and probability theory.
He was a friend of Isaac Newton, Edmond Halley, and James Stirling.
Even though he faced religious persecution he remained a "steadfast Christian" throughout his life.
Among his fellow Huguenot exiles in England, he was a colleague of the editor and translator Pierre des Maizeaux.
De Moivre wrote a book on probability theory, The Doctrine of Chances, said to have been prized by gamblers.
De Moivre first discovered Binet's formula, the closed-form expression for Fibonacci numbers linking the nth power of the golden ratio f to the nth Fibonacci number.
He also was the first to postulate the central limit theorem, a cornerstone of probability theory.