Spiro Theodore Agnew (; November 9, 1918 – September 17, 1996) was the 39th vice president of the United States from 1969 until his resignation in 1973.
He is the second and most recent vice president to resign the position, the other being John C.
Calhoun in 1832.
Unlike Calhoun, Agnew resigned as a result of a scandal.
Agnew was born in Baltimore to an American-born mother and a Greek immigrant father.
He attended Johns Hopkins University, and graduated from the University of Baltimore School of Law.
He worked as an aide to U.S.
Representative James Devereux before he was appointed to the Baltimore County Board of Zoning Appeals in 1957.
In 1962, he was elected Baltimore County Executive.
In 1966, Agnew was elected Governor of Maryland, defeating his Democratic opponent George P.
Mahoney and independent candidate Hyman A.
At the 1968 Republican National Convention, Richard Nixon asked Agnew to place his name in nomination, and named him as running mate.
Agnew's centrist reputation interested Nixon; the law and order stance he had taken in the wake of civil unrest that year appealed to aides such as Pat Buchanan.
Agnew made a number of gaffes during the campaign, but his rhetoric pleased many Republicans, and he may have made the difference in several key states.
Nixon and Agnew defeated the Democratic ticket of incumbent Vice President Hubert Humphrey and his running mate, Senator Edmund Muskie.
As vice president, Agnew was often called upon to attack the administration's enemies.
In the years of his vice presidency, Agnew moved to the right, appealing to conservatives who were suspicious of moderate stances taken by Nixon.
In the presidential election of 1972, Nixon and Agnew were re-elected for a second term, defeating Senator George McGovern and his running mate Sargent Shriver.
In 1973, Agnew was investigated by the United States Attorney for the District of Maryland on suspicion of criminal conspiracy, bribery, extortion and tax fraud.
Agnew took kickbacks from contractors during his time as Baltimore County Executive and Governor of Maryland.
The payments had continued into his time as vice president; they had nothing to do with the Watergate scandal, in which he was not implicated.
After months of maintaining his innocence, Agnew pleaded no contest to a single felony charge of tax evasion and resigned from office.
Nixon replaced him with House Republican leader Gerald Ford.
Agnew spent the remainder of his life quietly, rarely making public appearances.
He wrote a novel and a memoir; both defended his actions.