Charles "Lucky" Luciano ( LOO-chee-AH-noh, Italian: [lu't?a?no]; born Salvatore Lucania [salva'to?re luka'ni?a]; November 24, 1897 – January 26, 1962) was an influential Italian-born mobster, criminal mastermind, and crime boss who operated mainly in the United States.
Luciano is considered the father of modern organized crime in the United States for the establishment of the first Commission.
He was also the first official boss of the modern Genovese crime family.
Along with his associates, he was instrumental in the development of the National Crime Syndicate.
Luciano was tried and successfully convicted for compulsory prostitution and running a prostitution racket in 1936 after years of investigation by District Attorney Thomas E.
He was given a 30 to 50-year prison sentence, but during World War II an agreement was struck with the Department of the Navy through his associate Meyer Lansky to provide naval intelligence; for his alleged wartime cooperation, he was deported back to Italy, in 1946, to live his life freely outside the United States.