Álvaro Obregón, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Álvaro Obregón

Mexican politician, president of Mexico

Date of Birth: 19-Feb-1880

Place of Birth: Navojoa, Sonora, Mexico

Date of Death: 17-Jul-1928

Profession: military personnel, politician

Nationality: Mexico

Zodiac Sign: Pisces

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About Álvaro Obregón

  • Álvaro Obregón Salido (Spanish pronunciation: ['alßa?o oß?e'?on]; February 19, 1880 – July 17, 1928) was a general in the Mexican Revolution, who became President of Mexico from 1920 to 1924.
  • He supported Sonora's decision to follow Governor of Coahuila Venustiano Carranza as leader of a revolution against the Huerta regime.
  • Carranza appointed Obregón commander of the revolutionary forces in northwestern Mexico and in 1915 appointed him as his minister of war.
  • In 1920, Obregón launched a revolt against Carranza, in which Carranza was assassinated; he won the subsequent election with overwhelming support. Obregón's presidency was the first stable presidency since the Revolution began in 1910.
  • He oversaw massive educational reform (with Mexican muralism flourishing), moderate land reform, and labor laws sponsored by the increasingly powerful Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers.
  • In August 1923, he signed the Bucareli Treaty that clarified the rights of the Mexican government and U.S.
  • oil interests and brought U.S.
  • diplomatic recognition to his government.
  • In 1923–24, Obregón's finance minister, Adolfo de la Huerta, launched a rebellion in part protesting the Bucareli Treaty; Obregón returned to the battlefield to crush the rebellion.
  • In his victory, he was aided by the United States with arms and 17 U.S.
  • planes that bombed de la Huerta's supporters.In 1924, Obregón's fellow Northern revolutionary general and hand-picked successor, Plutarco Elías Calles, was elected president, and although Obregón ostensibly retired to Sonora, he remained influential under Calles.
  • Having pushed through constitutional reform to once again make reelection possible, Obregón won the 1928 election but was assassinated by José de León Toral, a Mexican offended by the government's anti-religious laws, before he could begin his second term.
  • Toral's subsequent trial ultimately led to his execution by firing squad, and it also involved a Capuchin nun named María Concepción Acevedo de la Llata, "Madre Conchita", who was thought to be the mastermind behind Obregón's murder.

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