Lisa Ann Murkowski (; born May 22, 1957) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Alaska, having held that seat since 2002.
She is a member of the Republican Party, and is the second most senior Republican woman in the Senate.
Along with Susan Collins from Maine, she is frequently described as one of the most moderate Republicans in the Senate and is a crucial swing voter.
Murkowski is the daughter of former U.S.
Senator and Governor of Alaska, Frank Murkowski.
Before her appointment to the Senate, she served in the Alaska House of Representatives and was eventually elected Majority Leader.
She was appointed to the U.S.
Senate by her father, who resigned his seat in December 2002 to become the Governor of Alaska.
She completed her father's unexpired term, which ended in January 2005.
Murkowski ran for and won a full term in 2004.
She ran for a second term in 2010.
After losing the Republican Party primary to Tea Party candidate Joe Miller, Murkowski ran as a write-in candidate and defeated both Miller and Democrat Scott McAdams in the general election; this made her the second U.S.
Senator (and the first since Strom Thurmond in 1954) to be elected by write-in vote.
Although Murkowski has won three full terms to the Senate, she has never won a majority of the vote; she won pluralities in each of her three races, with 48.6% of the vote in 2004, 39.5% in 2010, and 44.4% in 2016.