Gloria May Josephine Swanson (March 27, 1899 – April 4, 1983) was an American actress and producer.
A major Hollywood star of the silent era, she later achieved widespread critical acclaim and recognition for her role as Norma Desmond, a reclusive silent film star, in the critically acclaimed 1950 film Sunset Boulevard.
The film earned her an Academy Award nomination and a Golden Globe Award win.
Swanson was also a star in the silent film era as both an actress and a fashion icon, especially under the direction of Cecil B.
Throughout the 1920s, Swanson was one of Hollywood's top box office draws.Swanson starred in dozens of silent films, and was nominated for the first Academy Award for Best Actress.
She also produced her own films during this period, including The Love of Sunya (1927) and Sadie Thompson (1928).
In 1929, Swanson transitioned into talkies with her performance in The Trespasser.
Personal problems and changing tastes saw her popularity wane during the 1930s and she subsequently ventured into theater and television.