Violeta del Carmen Parra Sandoval (Spanish pronunciation: [bjo'leta 'para]; 4 October 1917 – 5 February 1967) was a Chilean composer, singer-songwriter, folklorist, ethnomusicologist and visual artist.
She pioneered the Nueva Canción Chilena (The Chilean New Song), a renewal and a reinvention of Chilean folk music that would extend its sphere of influence outside Chile.
Parra is acknowledged as "the Mother of Latin American folk".
Her birthdate (4 October) was chosen "Chilean Musicians' Day".
In 2011, Andrés Wood directed a biopic about her, titled Violeta Went to Heaven (Spanish: Violeta se fue a los cielos).