Mary of Modena, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Mary of Modena

English royal consort

Date of Birth: 05-Oct-1658

Place of Birth: Modena, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Date of Death: 07-May-1718

Zodiac Sign: Libra

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About Mary of Modena

  • Mary of Modena (Italian: Maria di Modena) (Maria Beatrice Anna Margherita Isabella d'Este; 5 October [O.S.
  • 25 September] 1658 – 7 May [O.S.
  • 26 April] 1718) was queen consort of England, Scotland, and Ireland as the second wife of James II and VII (1633–1701).
  • A devout Roman Catholic, Mary married the widowed James, who was then the younger brother and heir presumptive of Charles II (1630–1685).
  • She was uninterested in politics and devoted to James and their children, two of whom survived to adulthood: the Jacobite claimant to the thrones, James Francis Edward, and Louisa Maria Teresa.Born a princess of the northwestern Italian Duchy of Modena, Mary is primarily remembered for the controversial birth of James Francis Edward, her only surviving son.
  • It was widely rumoured that he was a "changeling", brought into the birth chamber in a warming pan, in order to perpetuate her husband's Catholic Stuart dynasty.
  • Although the accusation was almost certainly false, and the subsequent Privy Council investigation affirmed this, James Francis Edward's birth was a contributing factor to the "Glorious Revolution", the revolution which deposed James II and VII and replaced him with his Protestant eldest daughter from his first marriage to Anne Hyde (1637–1671), Mary II.
  • She and her husband, William III of Orange, would reign jointly as "William and Mary". Exiled to France, the "Queen over the water" – as the Jacobites called Mary – lived with her husband and children in the ChΓ’teau de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, provided by Louis XIV of France.
  • Mary was popular among Louis XIV's courtiers; James, however, was considered a bore.
  • In widowhood, Mary spent much time with the nuns at the Convent of Chaillot, where she and her daughter Louisa Maria Teresa spent their summers.
  • In 1701, when James II died, young James Francis Edward became king at age 13 in the eyes of the Jacobites.
  • As he was too young to assume the nominal reins of government, Mary represented him until he reached the age of 16.
  • When young James Francis Edward was asked to leave France as part of the settlement from the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, which ended the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714), Mary of Modena stayed, despite having no family there, her daughter Louisa Maria Teresa having died of smallpox.
  • Fondly remembered by her French contemporaries, Mary died of breast cancer in 1718.

Read more at Wikipedia