Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Atal Bihari Vajpayee

10th Prime Minister of India

Date of Birth: 24-Dec-1924

Place of Birth: Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India

Date of Death: 16-Aug-2018

Profession: poet, politician, journalist

Nationality: India

Zodiac Sign: Capricorn

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About Atal Bihari Vajpayee

  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee (Hindustani pronunciation: [???l b?ha??i? ?a?d?pai]; 25 December 1924 – 16 August 2018) was an Indian politician, statesman and a poet who served three terms as the Prime Minister of India, first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, and finally, for a full term from 1999 to 2004.
  • A member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), he was the first Indian prime minister who was not a member of the Indian National Congress party to have served a full five-year term in office. He was a member of the Indian Parliament for over five decades, having been elected to the Lok Sabha, the lower house, ten times, and twice to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house.
  • He served as the Member of Parliament for Lucknow until 2009 when he retired from active politics due to health concerns.
  • Vajpayee was among the founding members of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), of which he was the president from 1968 to 1972.
  • The BJS merged with several other parties to form the Janata Party, which won the 1977 general election.
  • Vajpayee became the Minister of External Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Morarji Desai.
  • He resigned in 1979, and the Janata alliance collapsed soon after.
  • The erstwhile members of the BJS formed the BJP in 1980, with Vajpayee as its first president. During his tenure as prime minister, India carried out the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998.
  • Vajpayee sought to improve diplomatic relations with Pakistan, travelling to Lahore by bus to meet with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
  • After the 1999 Kargil War with Pakistan, he sought to restore relations through engaging with President Pervez Musharraf, inviting him to India for a summit at Agra. He was conferred India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee in 2015.
  • The administration of Narendra Modi declared in 2014 that Vajpayee's birthday, 25 December, would be marked as Good Governance Day.
  • He died on 16 August 2018 due to an age-related illness.

Read more at Wikipedia