Adrienne Lecouvreur (5 April 1692 – 20 March 1730), born Adrienne Couvreur, was a French actress, considered by many as the greatest of her time.
Born in Damery, she first appeared professionally on the stage in Lille.
After her Paris debut at the Comédie-Française in 1717, she was immensely popular with the public.
Together with Michel Baron, she was credited for having developed a more natural, less stylized, type of acting.Despite the fame she gained as an actress and her innovations in her acting style, she was widely remembered for her romance with Maurice de Saxe and for her mysterious death.
Although there are different theories that suggest she was poisoned by her rival, the Duchess of Bouillon, scholars have not been able to confirm it.Her story was used as an inspiration for playwrights, composers and poets.
The refusal of the Catholic Church to give her a Christian burial moved her friend Voltaire to write a poem on the subject.