Mary Edwards Walker, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death

    

Mary Edwards Walker

American feminist and doctor, 1832–1919

Date of Birth: 26-Nov-1832

Place of Birth: Oswego (town), New York, New York, United States

Date of Death: 21-Feb-1919

Profession: physician, surgeon

Nationality: United States

Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius


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About Mary Edwards Walker

  • Mary Edwards Walker, M.D.
  • (November 26, 1832 – February 21, 1919), commonly referred to as Dr.
  • Mary Walker, was an American abolitionist, prohibitionist, prisoner of war and surgeon.
  • She is the only woman to ever receive the Medal of Honor.In 1855, she earned her medical degree at Syracuse Medical College in New York, married and started a medical practice.
  • She volunteered with the Union Army at the outbreak of the American Civil War and served as a surgeon at a temporary hospital in Washington, D.C., even though at the time women and sectarian physicians were considered unfit for the Union Army Examining Board.
  • She was captured by Confederate forces after crossing enemy lines to treat wounded civilians and arrested as a spy.
  • She was sent as a prisoner of war to Richmond, Virginia until released in a prisoner exchange. After the war, she was approved for the Medal of Honor, for her efforts to treat the wounded during the Civil War.
  • Notably, the award was not expressly given for gallantry in action at that time, and in fact was the only military decoration during the Civil War.
  • Walker is the only woman to receive the medal and one of only eight civilians to receive it.
  • Her name was deleted from the Army Medal of Honor Roll in 1917 (along with over 900 other, male MOH recipients); however, it was restored in 1977.
  • After the war, she was a writer and lecturer supporting the women's suffrage movement until her death in 1919.

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