Alice Guy or Alice Guy-Blaché (July 1, 1873 – March 24, 1968) was a French pioneer filmmaker, active from the late 19th century, and one of the very first to make a narrative fiction film.
She was the first woman to direct a film.
From 1896 to 1906, she was probably the only female filmmaker in the world.
She experimented with Gaumont's Chronophone sync-sound system, and with color-tinting, interracial casting, and special effects.She was artistic director and a co-founder of Solax Studios in Flushing, New York.
In 1912, Solax invested $100,000 for a new studio in Fort Lee, New Jersey, the center of American filmmaking prior to the establishment of Hollywood.
That year, she made the film A Fool and His Money, probably the first to have an all-African-American cast.
The film is now at the National Center for Film and Video Preservation at the American Film Institute.