Carlos Enrique José Pellegrini (October 11, 1846 – July 17, 1906) was Vice President of Argentina and became President of Argentina from 6 August 1890 to 12 October 1892, upon Miguel Ángel Juárez Celman's resignation (see Revolución del Parque).
His administration he cleaned up the finances and created the Banco de la Nación Argentina, Argentina's national bank, and the prestigious high-school that carries his name, Escuela Superior de Comercio Carlos Pellegrini, public school of noted academic level, part of Universidad de Buenos Aires.
After the end of his term, he served as senator between 1895 and 1903, and in 1906, he was elected national representative in the lower house.
Like many other nineteenth century Argentines prominent in public life, he was a freemason.
He died in his native city of Buenos Aires and is buried in La Recoleta Cemetery.