Kim Philby, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death

    

Kim Philby

British spy and KGB double agent for the Soviet Union

Date of Birth: 01-Jan-1912

Place of Birth: Ambala, Haryana, India

Date of Death: 11-May-1988

Profession: journalist, spy

Nationality: United Kingdom

Zodiac Sign: Capricorn


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About Kim Philby

  • Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a British intelligence officer and a double agent for the Soviet Union.
  • In 1963, he was revealed to be a member of the Cambridge Five, a spy ring which passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and in the early stages of the Cold War.
  • Of the five, Philby is believed to have been most successful in providing secret information to the Soviets.Born in British India, Philby was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • He was recruited by Soviet intelligence in 1934.
  • After leaving Cambridge, Philby worked as a journalist and covered the Spanish Civil War and the Battle of France.
  • In 1940, he began working for MI6.
  • By the end of the Second World War he had become a high-ranking member of the British intelligence service.
  • In 1949, Philby was appointed first secretary to the British Embassy in Washington and served as chief British liaison with American intelligence agencies.
  • During his career as an intelligence officer, he passed large amounts of intelligence to the Soviet Union, including an Anglo-American plot to subvert the communist regime of Albania.
  • He was also responsible for tipping off two other spies under suspicion of espionage, Donald Maclean and Guy Burgess, both of whom subsequently fled to Moscow in May 1951.
  • The defections of Maclean and Burgess cast suspicion over Philby, resulting in his resignation from MI6 in July 1951.
  • He was publicly exonerated in 1955, after which he resumed his career in journalism in Beirut.
  • In January 1963, having finally been unmasked as a Soviet agent, Philby defected to Moscow, where he lived out his life until his death in 1988.

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