François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix

French botanist

Date of Birth: 12-May-1706

Place of Birth: Alès, Occitania, France

Date of Death: 19-Feb-1767

Profession: physician, professor, botanist

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Taurus

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About François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix

  • François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix (May 12, 1706 – February 19, 1767) was a French physician and botanist who was a native of Alès.
  • He was the brother of naturalist Pierre Augustin Boissier de Sauvages (1710—1795). He received his education at the University of Montpellier, where he studied botany with Pierre Baux (1708-1790).
  • After spending a few years in Paris, he returned to Montpellier in 1734, where he served as a professor of physiology and pathology.
  • Following the death of François Ayme Chicoyneau (1702-1740), he was named to the chair of botany.
  • At Montpellier, he made important improvements to its botanical garden, which included construction of its first greenhouse. He was a friend to Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné (1707—1778), to whom Sauvages de Lacroix sent botanical specimens from the Montpellier region for study.
  • Linné designated the botanical genus Sauvagesia in honor of his French colleague.
  • In 1748 he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, of which Linné had been a co-founder.
  • The following year he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.As a physician, Sauvages de Lacroix is credited with establishing a methodical nosology for diseases, a classification system that was in the spirit of Thomas Sydenham's earlier work, and was in accordance with methods used by botanists.
  • His classification system listed 10 major classes of disease, which were further broken down into numerous orders, 295 genera, and 2400 species (individual diseases).
  • Sauvages de Lacroix explained his nosology in the 1763 treatise Nosologia Methodica, a work that reportedly was an inspiration to Philippe Pinel (1745—1826) and his early research of mental illnesses.

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