Afonso Pena, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Afonso Pena

President of Brazil

Date of Birth: 30-Nov-1847

Place of Birth: Santa BĂĄrbara, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Date of Death: 14-Jun-1909

Profession: judge, lawyer, politician, banker

Nationality: Brazil

Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius

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About Afonso Pena

  • Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena (Portuguese: [a'fĂľsu aw'gustu mo'rejr? 'pen?]; 30 November 1847 – 14 June 1909) was a Brazilian politician who served as President of Brazil between 1906 and 1909.
  • Before his political career, Pena had been an attorney and legal scholar.
  • He was the first president to die in office. Pena began his political career in 1874 with an election to the Imperial General Assembly.
  • In the succeeding years, Pena reconciled legislative work with some periods occupying secretariats—secretary of Agriculture (1882), Commerce and Public Issues (1883) and Justice (1885).
  • As president of the provincial assembly of Minas Gerais, Pena inaugurated the new capital Belo Horizonte . After the proclamation of the Republic, he was governor of Minas Gerais between 1892 and 1894.
  • It was during his administration that Belo Horizonte was set for the future state capital (which at that time was Ouro Preto).
  • He ran in the presidential election of 1894, but lost by a large margin to Prudente de Morais. In 1902 Pena became Vice President to Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves.
  • As Vice President, he also served as the President of the Senate.
  • He was elected president in 1906 and served until his death in 1909, a few days after the passing of his son Álvaro Pena. Afonso Pena was the first Brazilian president to advocate intervening in the coffee economy.
  • The federal government started to buy production surplus, thus maintaining the high price of coffee in international markets.
  • Pena also promoted the expansion of railroads. The reorganization of the Brazilian army was done by Hermes da Fonseca during the Pena administration.
  • The president also supported Cândido Rondon's expeditions in the Amazon Rainforest.

Read more at Wikipedia