Francesco Redi, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Francesco Redi

Italian entomologist and poet

Date of Birth: 18-Feb-1626

Place of Birth: Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy

Date of Death: 01-Mar-1697

Profession: writer, physician, poet, biologist, painter, entomologist, parasitologist

Zodiac Sign: Aquarius

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About Francesco Redi

  • Francesco Redi (18 February 1626 – 1 March 1697) was an Italian physician, naturalist, biologist and poet.
  • He is referred to as the "founder of experimental biology", and as the "father of modern parasitology".
  • He was the first person to challenge the theory of spontaneous generation by demonstrating that maggots come from eggs of flies.Having a doctoral degree in both medicine and philosophy from the University of Pisa at the age of 21, he worked in various cities of Italy.
  • A rationalist of his time, he was a critic of verifiable myths, such as spontaneous generation.
  • His most famous experiments are described in his magnum opus Esperienze Intorno alla Generazione degl'Insetti (Experiments on the Generation of Insects), published in 1668.
  • He disproved that vipers drink wine and could break glasses, and that their venom was poisonous when ingested.
  • He correctly observed that snake venoms were produced from the fangs, not the gallbladder, as was believed.
  • He was also the first to recognize and correctly describe details of about 180 parasites, including Fasciola hepatica and Ascaris lumbricoides.
  • He also distinguished earthworms from helminths (like tapeworms, flukes, and roundworms).
  • He possibly originated the use of the control, the basis of experimental design in modern biology.
  • A collection of his poems first published in 1685 Bacco in Toscana ("Bacchus in Tuscany") is considered among the finest works of 17th-century Italian poetry, and for which the Grand Duke Cosimo III gave him a medal of honor.

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