Alfred Deakin, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death

    

Alfred Deakin

Australian politician, second Prime Minister of Australia

Date of Birth: 03-Aug-1856

Place of Birth: Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Date of Death: 07-Oct-1919

Profession: poet, politician, diplomat, journalist

Nationality: Australia

Zodiac Sign: Leo


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About Alfred Deakin

  • Alfred Deakin (3 August 1856 – 7 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910.
  • Prior to entering office he was a leader of the movement for Australian federation.Deakin was born in Melbourne, and attended the University of Melbourne before training as a barrister.
  • He was elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly in 1879, aged 22, and became a government minister in 1883.
  • He was a major contributor to the establishment of liberal reforms in the colony, including pro-worker industrial reforms, and also played a major part in developing irrigation in Australia. Throughout the 1890s Deakin was a participant in conferences of representatives of the Australian colonies that were established to draft a constitution for the proposed federation.
  • He played an important role in ensuring that the draft was liberal and democratic, and in achieving compromises to enable its eventual success.
  • Between conferences he worked to popularise the concept of federation, and campaigned for its acceptance in colonial referenda.
  • He then fought hard to ensure acceptance of the proposed constitution by the Government of the United Kingdom.
  • After Federation, Deakin was Attorney-General in the Barton Government from 1901 to 1903.
  • He was one of the chief architects of the White Australia policy, overseeing the drafting of the Immigration Restriction Act 1901. As Prime Minister, Deakin completed a significant legislative program that makes him, with Labor's Andrew Fisher, the founder of an effective Commonwealth government.
  • He expanded the High Court, supported the allocation of major funding for the purchase of ships leading to the establishment of the Royal Australian Navy as a significant force under the Fisher government, and established Australian control of Papua.
  • Confronted by the rising Australian Labor Party in 1909, he merged his Protectionist Party with Joseph Cook's Anti-Socialist Party to create the Commonwealth Liberal Party (a party known commonly as the Fusion), the main ancestor of the modern Liberal Party of Australia.
  • The Deakin-led Liberal Party government lost to Fisher's Labor at the 1910 election, which was the first time a federal political party had been elected with a majority in either house in Federal Parliament.
  • Deakin resigned from Parliament prior to the 1913 election; Cook won the Liberal Party leadership ballot.

Read more at Wikipedia