Jagadish Chandra Bose, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death

    

Jagadish Chandra Bose

Bengali polymath, physicist, biologist, botanist and archeologist inventer of the Radio

Date of Birth: 30-Nov-1858

Place of Birth: Bikrampur, Bangladesh

Date of Death: 23-Nov-1937

Profession: writer, physicist, chemist, university teacher, botanist, archaeologist

Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius


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About Jagadish Chandra Bose

  • Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (;, IPA: [d??godi? t??ndro bosu]; 30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937), also spelled Jagdish and Jagadis, was an Indian polymath, physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist and archaeologist, and an early writer of science fiction.
  • He pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics, made significant contributions to plant science, and laid the foundations of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent.
  • IEEE named him one of the fathers of radio science.
  • Bose is considered the father of Bengali science fiction, and also invented the crescograph, a device for measuring the growth of plants.
  • A crater on the moon has been named in his honour.Born in Mymensingh, Bengal Presidency (present-day Bangladesh), during British governance of India, Bose graduated from St.
  • Xavier's College, Calcutta.
  • He went to the University of London,England to study medicine, but could not pursue studies in medicine because of health problems.
  • Instead, he conducted his research with the Nobel Laureate Lord Rayleigh at Cambridge and returned to India.
  • He joined the Presidency College of the University of Calcutta as a professor of physics.
  • There, despite racial discrimination and a lack of funding and equipment, Bose carried on his scientific research.
  • He made remarkable progress in his research of remote wireless signalling and was the first to use semiconductor junctions to detect radio signals.
  • However, instead of trying to gain commercial benefit from this invention, Bose made his inventions public in order to allow others to further develop his research. Bose subsequently made a number of pioneering discoveries in plant physiology.
  • He used his own invention, the crescograph, to measure plant response to various stimuli, and thereby scientifically proved parallelism between animal and plant tissues.
  • Although Bose filed for a patent for one of his inventions because of peer pressure, his objections to any form of patenting was well known.
  • To facilitate his research, he constructed automatic recorders capable of registering extremely slight movements; these instruments produced some striking results, such as quivering of injured plants, which Bose interpreted as a power of feeling in plants.
  • His books include Response in the Living and Non-Living (1902) and The Nervous Mechanism of Plants (1926). In 2004, Bose was ranked number 7 in BBC's poll of the Greatest Bengali of all time.

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