Paul Painlevé (French: [p?l p?~l?ve]; 5 December 1863 – 29 October 1933) was a French mathematician and statesman.
He served twice as Prime Minister of the Third Republic: 12 September – 13 November 1917 and 17 April – 22 November 1925.
His entry into politics came in 1906 after a professorship at the Sorbonne that began in 1892.
His first term as prime minister lasted only nine weeks but dealt with weighty issues, such as the Russian Revolution, the American entry into the war, the failure of the Nivelle Offensive, quelling the French Army Mutinies and relations with the British.
In the 1920s as Minister of War he was a key figure in building the Maginot Line.
In his second term as prime minister he dealt with the outbreak of rebellion in Syria's Jabal Druze in July
1925 which had excited public and parliamentary anxiety over the general crisis of France's empire.