Georges Ernest Boulanger, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Georges Ernest Boulanger

French general

Date of Birth: 29-Apr-1837

Place of Birth: Rennes, Brittany, France

Date of Death: 30-Sep-1891

Profession: military personnel, politician

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Taurus

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About Georges Ernest Boulanger

  • Georges Ernest Jean-Marie Boulanger (29 April 1837 – 30 September 1891), nicknamed Général Revanche, was a French general and politician. An enormously popular public figure during the Third Republic, he won a series of elections and was feared to be powerful enough to establish himself as dictator at the zenith of his popularity in January 1889.
  • His base of support was the working districts of Paris and other cities, plus rural traditionalist Catholics and royalists.
  • He promoted an aggressive nationalism, known as Revanchism, which opposed Germany and called for the defeat of the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71) to be avenged. The elections of September 1889 marked a decisive defeat for the Boulangists.
  • Changes in the electoral laws prevented Boulanger from running in multiple constituencies and the aggressive opposition of the established government, combined with Boulanger's self-imposed exile, contributed to a rapid decline of the movement.
  • The decline of Boulanger severely undermined the political strength of the conservative and royalist elements of French political life; they would not recover strength until the establishment of the Vichy regime in 1940.
  • The defeat of the Boulangists ushered in a period of political dominance by the Opportunist Republicans. Academics have attributed the failure of the movement to Boulanger's own weaknesses.
  • Despite his charisma, he lacked coolness, consistency, and decisiveness; he was a mediocre leader who lacked vision and courage.
  • He was never able to unite the disparate elements, ranging from the far left to the far right, that formed the base of his support.
  • He was able, however, to frighten Republicans and force them to reorganize and strengthen their solidarity in opposition to him.

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