Jean-Jacques Germain Pelet-Clozeau, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Jean-Jacques Germain Pelet-Clozeau

French general

Date of Birth: 15-Jul-1777

Place of Birth: Toulouse, Occitania, France

Date of Death: 20-Dec-1858

Profession: writer, politician, military officer, cartographer

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Cancer

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About Jean-Jacques Germain Pelet-Clozeau

  • Jean-Jacques Germain Pelet-Clozeau (15 July 1777 – 20 December 1858) became a French general in the Napoleonic Wars and later was a politician and historian.
  • He joined the French army in 1800 and became a topographic engineer.
  • He joined the staff of Marshal AndrĂ© MassĂ©na and was wounded at Caldiero in 1805.
  • He served in southern Italy in 1806 and Poland in 1807.
  • He was wounded at Ebelsberg and fought at Aspern-Essling and Wagram in 1809. When Emperor Napoleon ordered MassĂ©na to take command of the Army of Portugal, Pelet went with him as his first aide-de-camp.
  • Though Pelet was a relatively low-ranking officer, the marshal relied heavily on his advice during the unsuccessful 1810–1811 invasion of Portugal.
  • Pelet fought in the French invasion of Russia, including during Marshal Michel Ney's epic retreat at Krasnoi where he was wounded again.
  • Promoted to general officer, he led troops in the 1813 and 1814 campaigns, including a brief stint as acting division commander.
  • He led a regiment of the Old Guard at Waterloo. Placed on the army's inactive list, Pelet nevertheless worked in the military archives while publishing books and articles about the wars.
  • In 1830, he was appointed director of the army staff school.
  • Though nearly killed in an assassination attempt in 1835, he continued to publish military histories.
  • Under the Second French Empire he engaged in diplomacy and politics.
  • Pelet is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe, on Column 19.

Read more at Wikipedia