Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais

French priest, philosopher and political theorist

Date of Birth: 19-Jun-1782

Place of Birth: Saint-Malo, Brittany, France

Date of Death: 27-Feb-1854

Profession: writer, priest, politician, translator, theologian, cleric, philosopher

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Gemini

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About Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais

  • Hugues-Félicité Robert de Lamennais (or De La Mennais) (19 June 1782 – 27 February 1854) was a French Catholic priest, philosopher and political theorist.
  • He was one of the most influential intellectuals of Restoration France.
  • Lamennais is considered the forerunner of liberal Catholicism and social Catholicism. His opinions on matters of religion and government changed dramatically over the course of his life.
  • He initially held rationalistic views, but in part due to the influence of his brother, Jean-Marie, came to see religion as an antidote for the anarchy and tyranny unleashed by revolution.
  • He derided Napoleon, in part because of the Organic Articles, in which France acting unilaterally amended the Concordat of 1801 between France and the papacy.
  • Lamennais assailed the Gallican view of the relationship between civil authority and the Church and was for a time a staunch ultramontane. Lamennais was ordained a priest in 1817, the same year he published Essai sur l'indifférence en matière de religion.
  • In 1830, he founded L'Avenir with Montalembert and Lacordaire.
  • His social ideas embraced an enlarged suffrage, separation of church and state, universal freedom of conscience, instruction, assembly, and the press.
  • His radicalism distanced him from a number of his friends.
  • In 1833, he broke with the Church and the following year published Paroles d'un croyant, which Pope Gregory XVI condemned for its philosophical theories. He served as a deputy for Paris to the Constituent Assembly; his draft for a Constitution was rejected as too radical.
  • He died in Paris in 1854.

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