W. Averell Harriman, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death

    

W. Averell Harriman

American businessman, politician and diplomat

Date of Birth: 15-Nov-1891

Place of Birth: New York City, New York, United States

Date of Death: 26-Jul-1986

Profession: businessperson, politician, diplomat, polo player

Nationality: United States

Zodiac Sign: Scorpio


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About W. Averell Harriman

  • William Averell Harriman (November 15, 1891 – July 26, 1986), better known as Averell Harriman, was an American Democratic politician, businessman, and diplomat.
  • The son of railroad baron E.
  • H.
  • Harriman, he served as Secretary of Commerce under President Harry S.
  • Truman and later as the 48th Governor of New York.
  • He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1952 and 1956, as well as a core member of the group of foreign policy elders known as "The Wise Men". While attending Groton School and Yale University, he made contacts that led to creation of a banking firm that eventually merged into Brown Brothers Harriman & Co..
  • He owned parts of various other companies, including Union Pacific Railroad, Merchant Shipping Corporation, and Polaroid Corporation.
  • During the presidency of Franklin D.
  • Roosevelt, Harriman served in the National Recovery Administration and on the Business Advisory Council before moving into foreign policy roles.
  • After helping to coordinate the Lend-Lease program, Harriman served as the ambassador to the Soviet Union and attended the major World War II conferences.
  • After the war, he became a prominent advocate of George F.
  • Kennan's policy of containment.
  • He also served as Secretary of Commerce, and coordinated the implementation of the Marshall Plan. In 1954, Harriman defeated Republican Senator Irving Ives to become the Governor of New York.
  • He served a single term before his defeat by Nelson Rockefeller in the 1958 election.
  • Harriman unsuccessfully sought the presidential nomination at the 1952 Democratic National Convention and the 1956 Democratic National Convention.
  • Though Harriman had Truman's backing at the 1956 convention, the Democrats nominated Adlai Stevenson II in both elections. After his gubernatorial defeat, Harriman became a widely respected foreign policy elder within the Democratic Party.
  • He helped negotiate the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty during President John F.
  • Kennedy's administration and was deeply involved in the Vietnam War during the Kennedy and Lyndon B.
  • Johnson administrations.
  • After Johnson left office in 1969, Harriman affiliated with various organizations, including the Club of Rome and the Council on Foreign Relations.

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