Marcel Janco, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Marcel Janco

painter, architect

Date of Birth: 24-May-1895

Place of Birth: Bucharest

Date of Death: 21-Apr-1984

Profession: architect, poet, musician, painter, sculptor

Nationality: Romania, Israel

Zodiac Sign: Gemini

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About Marcel Janco

  • Marcel Janco (German: [ma??'s?l 'ja?ko], French: [ma?s?l ??~ko], common rendition of the Romanian name Marcel Hermann Iancu pronounced [mar't??el 'herman 'ja?ku], last name also Ianco, Janko or Jancu; May 24, 1895 – April 21, 1984) was a Romanian and Israeli visual artist, architect and art theorist.
  • He was the co-inventor of Dadaism and a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe.
  • In the 1910s, he co-edited, with Ion Vinea and Tristan Tzara, the Romanian art magazine Simbolul.
  • Janco was a practitioner of Art Nouveau, Futurism and Expressionism before contributing his painting and stage design to Tzara's literary Dadaism.
  • He parted with Dada in 1919, when he and painter Hans Arp founded a Constructivist circle, Das Neue Leben. Reunited with Vinea, he founded Contimporanul, the influential tribune of the Romanian avant-garde, advocating a mix of Constructivism, Futurism and Cubism.
  • At Contimporanul, Janco expounded a "revolutionary" vision of urban planning.
  • He designed some of the most innovative landmarks of downtown Bucharest.
  • He worked in many art forms, including illustration, sculpture and oil painting. Janco was one of the leading Romanian Jewish intellectuals of his generation.
  • Targeted by antisemitic persecution before and during World War II, he emigrated to Israel (Then under British rule) in 1941.
  • He won the Dizengoff Prize and Israel Prize, and was a founder of Ein Hod, a utopian art colony. Marcel Janco was the brother of Georges and Jules Janco, who were his artistic partners during and after the Dada episode.
  • His brother-in-law and fellow Constructivist promoter was the writer Jacques G.
  • Costin, known as a survivor of 1940s antisemitism.

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