José María Morelos, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


José María Morelos

Mexican general

Date of Birth: 30-Sep-1765

Place of Birth: Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico

Date of Death: 22-Dec-1815

Profession: priest, military personnel, politician, cleric

Nationality: Mexico

Zodiac Sign: Libra

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About José María Morelos

  • José María Teclo Morelos Pérez y Pavón (Spanish: [xo'se ma'?i.a 'teklo mo'?elos 'pe?es i pa'ßon] (listen)) (September 30, 1765, City of Valladolid, now Morelia, Michoacán – December 22, 1815, San Cristóbal Ecatepec, State of México) was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader who led the Mexican War of Independence movement, assuming its leadership after the execution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in 1811.
  • Morelos and Ignacio López Rayón are credited with organizing the war of independence.
  • Under Morelos the Congress of Anáhuac was installed on September 13, 1813 and in November 6 of the same year congress declared the country's independence.
  • On October 22, 1814 a constitution, Decreto Constitucional para la Libertad de la América Mexicana, was drafted by the Congress which declared that Mexico would be a Republic. After a series of defeats he was captured by the Spanish royalist military, tried by the Inquisition, defrocked as a cleric, and executed by civil authorities for treason in 1815.
  • Morelos is a national hero in Mexico and is considered a very successful military leader despite the fact that he never took a military career and was instead a priest.

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