Unė Babickaitė, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Unė Babickaitė

Lithuanian actress

Date of Birth: 01-May-1897

Place of Birth: Laukminiškiai, Panevėžys County, Lithuania

Date of Death: 01-Aug-1961

Profession: actor

Nationality: Lithuania

Zodiac Sign: Taurus

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About Unė Babickaitė

  • Une Babickaite-Graiciuniene (born Uršule Babickaite also known as Une Baye; April 19, 1897 near Kupiškis – August 1, 1961 in Kaunas) was a Lithuanian actress and theater director.
  • She was a wife of business theorist Vytautas Andrius Graiciunas. During World War I, Babickaite and her family retreated to Saint Petersburg.
  • There she met Balys Sruoga, who encouraged her to begin theater studies at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1916.
  • Balys named her Une.
  • After return to Lithuania, she organized theater group Daina and staged several performances.
  • However, a woman director stirred up controversy in a conservative society and the plays were attacked by critics.
  • In 1919, Babickaite moved to the United States, where she simplified her name to Une Baye and between 1922 and '24 appeared in several silent films by Paramount.
  • She left the film industry due to a visual impairment and instead performed in the theaters in New York, Washington DC, Chicago.
  • In 1924 she married Graiciunas, her cousin, and moved with him to London in 1928.
  • With her husband financing her artistic endeavors, she established the New Russian Theatre, and later the Anglo-American Company Troupe, appeared in theaters in both London and Paris.
  • In France she met with Konstantin Balmont, who dedicated at least four of his poems to her.
  • Following serious illness, two car crashes and multiple surgeries, she joined the Third Order of Saint Francis in Italy but did not take vows.
  • In 1936, she returned to Lithuania and directed plays for the šauliai (Lithuanian Riflemen's Union).After World War II, the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic became part of the Soviet Union.
  • Her husband, an American citizen, was arrested in 1951 and sentenced to ten years in Gulag.
  • He died the following year under unclear circumstances.
  • Babickaite was also sentenced to five years.
  • In 1953, during the de-Stalinization campaign after Joseph Stalin's death, she received amnesty and was allowed to return to Lithuania.
  • She died in 1961 in Kaunas. Babickaite left an extensive collection of documents, correspondence, and photos, which are preserved by the Martynas Mažvydas National Library of Lithuania.
  • Two volumes of documents were published in 2001 and 2005.
  • Various theater exhibits, collected by her, are displayed by the Lithuanian Theatre, Music and Film Museum, established by Balys Sruoga and Vincas Kreve-Mickevicius in 1926.
  • The family home in Laukminiškes village, where Babickaite and her brother writer Petras Babickas were born, was turned into an ethnographic and memorial museum in 2002.

Read more at Wikipedia