Malcolm X, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death

    

Malcolm X

American human rights activist

Date of Birth: 19-May-1925

Place of Birth: Omaha, Nebraska, United States

Date of Death: 21-Feb-1965

Profession: politician, human rights activist, political activist, autobiographer

Nationality: United States

Zodiac Sign: Taurus


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About Malcolm X

  • El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Arabic: ???????? ?????? ???????????, romanized: al-?ajj Malik ash-Shabazz, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), better known as Malcolm X, was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement.
  • He is best known for his controversial advocacy for the rights of blacks who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; he was accused of preaching racism and violence.
  • He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. Born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, he spent his teenage years living in a series of foster homes following his father's death and his mother's hospitalization.
  • Little engaged in several illicit activities, and was eventually sentenced to ten years in prison in 1946 for larceny and breaking and entering.
  • In prison, he joined the Nation of Islam (NOI) and changed his name to Malcolm X because, he later wrote, Little was the name that "the white slavemaster ...
  • had imposed upon [his] paternal forebears".
  • After being paroled in 1952, he quickly became one of the organization's most influential leaders. During the civil rights movement, Malcolm X served as the public face of the controversial group for a dozen years, where he advocated for black empowerment, the separation of black and white Americans, and rejected the notion of the civil rights movement for its emphasis on racial integration.
  • He also expressed pride in some of the social achievements he made with the Nation, particularly its free drug rehabilitation program.
  • In the 1950s, Malcolm X endured surveillance from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for the Nation's supposed links to Communism. In the 1960s, Malcolm X began to grow disillusioned with the Nation of Islam, and in particular, with its leader Elijah Muhammad.
  • Expressing many regrets about his time with them, which he had come to regard as largely wasted, he instead embraced Sunni Islam.
  • Malcolm X then began to advocate for racial integration and disavowed racism after completing Hajj, whereby he also became known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz.
  • After a brief period of travel across Africa, he notably repudiated the NOI, and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc.
  • (MMI) and the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) to emphasize Pan-Africanism. Throughout 1964, his conflict with the NOI intensified, and on February 21, 1965, he was assassinated by three of its members. Malcolm X Day is celebrated in various cities and countries worldwide, and hundreds of streets and schools in the U.S.
  • are named in his honor.

Read more at Wikipedia