Ludwig II of Bavaria, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Ludwig II of Bavaria

King of Bavaria

Date of Birth: 25-Aug-1845

Place of Birth: Munich, Bavaria, Germany

Date of Death: 13-Jun-1886

Profession: art collector

Zodiac Sign: Virgo

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About Ludwig II of Bavaria

  • Ludwig II (German: Ludwig Otto Friedrich Wilhelm; English: Louis Otto Frederick William; 25 August 1845 – 13 June 1886) was King of Bavaria from 1864 until his death in 1886.
  • He is sometimes called the Swan King or der Märchenkönig ("the Fairy Tale King").
  • He also held the titles of Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, Duke of Franconia, and Duke in Swabia.He succeeded to the throne aged 19.
  • Two years later, in 1866, Bavaria and Austria fought a war against Prussia lasting only a matter of weeks, which they lost.
  • However, in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 Bavaria sided with Prussia against France, and after the Prussian victory it became part of the new German Empire led by Prussia.
  • Though Bavaria retained a degree of autonomy on some matters within the new German Reich, Ludwig increasingly withdrew from day-to-day affairs of state in favour of extravagant artistic and architectural projects.
  • He commissioned the construction of two lavish palaces and Neuschwanstein Castle, and he was a devoted patron of the composer Richard Wagner.
  • Ludwig spent all his royal revenues (although not state funds as is commonly thought) on these projects, borrowed extensively, and defied all attempts by his ministers to restrain him.
  • This extravagance was used against him to declare him insane, an accusation which has since come under scrutiny.
  • Today, his architectural and artistic legacy includes many of Bavaria's most important tourist attractions.

Read more at Wikipedia