Maximilien Robespierre, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Date of Death


Maximilien Robespierre

French revolutionary lawyer and politician

Date of Birth: 06-May-1758

Place of Birth: Arras, Hauts-de-France, France

Date of Death: 28-Jul-1794

Profession: lawyer, politician, journalist, revolutionary

Nationality: France

Zodiac Sign: Taurus

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About Maximilien Robespierre

  • Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (French: [ f??~.swa ma.?i i.zi.d?? d? ??.b?s.pj??]; 6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) was a French lawyer and statesman who was one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution.
  • As a member of the Constituent Assembly and the Jacobin Club, he campaigned for universal manhood suffrage, and the abolition both of celibacy for the clergy and of slavery.
  • Robespierre was an outspoken advocate for the citizens without a voice, for their unrestricted admission to the National Guard, to public offices, and for the right to carry arms in self-defence.
  • He played an important part in the agitation which brought about the fall of the French monarchy in August 1792 and the summoning of a National Convention.As one of the leading members of the insurrectionary Paris Commune, Robespierre was elected as a deputy to the French Convention in early September 1792, but was soon criticised for trying to establish either a triumvirate or a dictatorship.
  • In Spring 1793, after the treason of Dumouriez he urged the creation of a "Sans-culotte army" to sweep away any conspirator.
  • In July he was appointed as a member of the powerful Committee of Public Safety.Robespierre is best known for his role during the "Reign of Terror", during which he exerted his influence to suppress the Girondins to the right, the Hébertists to the left and the Dantonists in the centre.
  • Robespierre was eventually brought down by his obsession with the vision of an ideal republic and his indifference to the human costs of installing it.
  • The Terror ended with Robespierre's arrest on 9 Thermidor and his execution on the day after, events that initiated a period known as the Thermidorian Reaction.Robespierre's personal responsibility for the excesses of the Terror remains the subject of intense debate among historians of the French Revolution.
  • For some, Robespierre was the incarnation of Terror during Year II (of the French Revolutionary calendar); for others, he was its principal ideologist and embodies the country's first democratic experience, marked by the French Constitution of 1793.

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