Laureano Eleuterio Gómez Castro (20 February 1889 – 13 July 1965) was a Colombian politician and civil engineer who served the 18th President of Colombia from 1950 to 1953.
In November 1951 poor health led him to cede presidential power to Roberto Urdaneta Arbelaez.
On 13 June 1953, when he tried to resume his presidency, he was overthrown in a military coup led by Gustavo Rojas Pinilla.
During the three decades prior to being elected president, Gómez was a radical leader of the Conservative Party and is widely considered to be one of the most brilliant and potent orators of the Congress of Colombia.
However, he remains a controversial figure because of his sympathy for authoritarian regimes and the dictatorial nature of his government.