Marie de Gournay (French pronunciation: [ma?i d? gu?n?] (listen); 6 October 1565, Paris – 13 July 1645) was a French writer, who wrote a novel and a number of other literary compositions, including The Equality of Men and Women (Égalité des hommes et des femmes, 1622) and The Ladies' Grievance (Grief des dames, 1626).
She insisted that women should be educated.
Gournay was also an editor and commentator of Michel de Montaigne.
After Montaigne's death, Gournay edited and published his Essays.